About 20 to 30 million Americans are at risk for various vascular diseases, including stroke, peripheral artery disease (PAD), carotid artery disease and aortic aneurysms. National screening studies indicate that 13 percent of the people screened have signs of these vascular conditions, but were unaware of them. Vascular disease outside the heart occurs in the carotid arteries in the neck, the aorta, and the arteries in the legs and arms and even in the veins. Just like heart disease, each one of these problems has consequences that can be fatal or can be very serious and lead to hospitalization and severe disability.
Carotid Artery Disease occurs when the carotid arteries, the main blood vessels to the brain, develop a buildup of plaque caused by hardening of the arteries. When the buildup becomes severe, it can cause a stroke; however, if carotid artery disease is detected and treated, doctors can prevent most strokes.
Aortic aneurysms occur when the wall of the aorta, the main artery in the chest and abdomen, progressively weakens, grows larger and eventually ruptures. An aneurysm that ruptures has an 80 percent fatality rate, and most people with aneurysms are never diagnosed until they experience a fatal rupture. If the aortic aneurysm is detected and treated electively, the risk of fatality is reduced to the range of two to three percent.
Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) is the name for blockages that can impair circulation to the legs and lead to serious disability or amputation. Between 25 and 30 million people over 70 have PAD, and they are three times as likely to die of heart attacks and strokes as those without the disease.
Anyone over the age of 55 has a higher risk of atherosclerosis and developing vascular disease. Other well recognized risk factors include:
In most cases, with early detection, vascular disease can be treated effectively. There are several simple screening tests that detect these problems, all of which are non-invasive and painless.
Cabell Huntington Hospital is offering all three screenings for a total price of $99, payable by cash or credit card. Individual screenings can be purchased for $45 each. No physician referral is required. For more information or to schedule your screenings, please call 304.526.2125.